You enjoy watching TV shows and finding humor, and you've recently had a sitcom idea. Learn how to write a sitcom for a video production company and become familiar with the numerous components that are frequently used in this kind of comedy writing.
What Is a Sitcom?
A sitcom, sometimes known as a situational comedy, is a half-hour comedic television program that focuses on the experiences of a fixed cast of characters in a particular setting, typically the main character's home or office, or a combination of the two. Since the invention of television, sitcoms have been among the most watched types of programming.
Four sitcom components
Sitcom writing follows a plot or subplot with a cast of primary characters, much like other types of TV writing or screenplay. Sitcoms typically feature the following:
1. A cold open, also known as a teaser, is a brief scene that airs before the main title sequence in order to pique viewers' curiosity and keep them watching. Study the cold opening technique.
2. End tag: Following the episode's conclusion, an end tag is a brief, funny segment that depicts the events that followed.
3. Since sitcom scripts are a type of comic writing, they have several jokes and callbacks in them (references to jokes made earlier in the script). In a sitcom, jokes should be used in even the most serious scenes to lighten the mood and inject humor into the plot.
4. Three-act structure: Sitcom scripts frequently follow a three-act framework, with commercial breaks in between each act. Act One introduces the primary plot and any subplots, which are typically issues the protagonist or protagonists must deal with. The characters try to fix the issue in Act Two, but they typically make it worse. The major plot is finished in Act 3, and everything is back to normal for the characters.
What Are the Different Types of Sitcoms?
Multi-camera and single-camera sitcoms are the two different subgenres. These are a few instances of each:
1. Multi-camera: Multi-camera sitcoms are filmed with four cameras on a permanent set (often constructed on a soundstage) in front of a live audience. They frequently incorporate the audience's laughter into the finished piece to improve the humorous effect. The Big Bang Theory, Seinfeld, Fuller House, Cheers, Everybody Loves Raymond, and How I Met Your Mother are a few examples of comedies with several cameras.
2. Single-camera: Without the use of a laugh track, single-camera sitcoms are recorded live with a single camera on location. The Office, Arrested Development, Modern Family, Curb Your Enthusiasm, and Abbott Elementary are a few examples of single-camera comedies. The Simpsons, Bob's Burgers, and Futurama are examples of adult animated series that can be classified as single-camera comedies.
Creating a Sitcom
Use the steps below to create your own sitcom:
1. Decide on a genre. Watch a variety of television programs, then pick one that you find appealing. then respond to the following inquiries: What sort of comedy would you like to write? Would you rather write a sitcom about a workplace than one about a family or relationship? Would you want to write for a single-camera or multiple-camera show?
2. View programs and read scripts in the genre. Researching your chosen genre can help you better understand different character archetypes, pacing, structure, humor per page in the screenplay, and tone, which is one of the best ways to get ready for the writing process. Additionally, it can show you how to approach particular problems and point out common genre mistakes to avoid. You might even come up with a new perspective on the genre during this approach that will help your script stand out from the crowd.
3. Focus on building your character. Spend some time developing each of your characters, including their names, backgrounds, habits, and relationships with one another. Consider preparing a lengthy bio or a one-sheet character profile for each one so you can refer to it as you write. Find out how to construct characters from Judd Apatow.
4. Draft your pilot. Write a synopsis after creating a logline. Find out more about loglines. Complete an outline describing the action that takes place in each act once you have a general idea of where you want your narrative to go. In the first act, establish your characters and their backstories together with the main character, keeping in mind that this is the pilot episode (the first episode of a TV series).
5. Produce the initial draft. Using a template in scriptwriting software like Final Draft (a favorite among TV writers), Scribler, Fade In, or Celtx is the most practical approach to composing a sitcom script. Scripts for single-camera sitcoms typically range from twenty-eight to thirty pages long and are single-spaced. (Some studios choose TV comedy screenplays that are shorter, while others prefer scripts that are longer.) Multi-camera scripts are double-spaced and often between 48 and 50 pages long.
Because you need to introduce the characters, set the scene, and lay the foundation for the plot, comedy pilots are frequently lengthier. Write as tightly as you can and try not to worry too much about the number of pages; you can always change it after getting some feedback from peers or industry experts. Find out how to write a great pilot episode from Issa Rae.
6. Go through the draft. After finishing your first draft, give it some time to rest before rereading it. You'll be able to revisit the story with new eyes if you put some distance between yourself and it. Completely read the script, making notes as you go in the document. Start your second draft after reading it through, and take note of the remarks. If you struggle with pacing, go through each act and list the key events that transpire. Consider adding extra aspects to the act to increase the pacing, or take an element from a meatier act and insert it into your first act if it is just a debate between characters with no action taking place.
7. Get input from your peers. To acquire a different viewpoint, think about asking your friends or peers for their opinions. You might want to hold off on getting input until after your initial rewrite, though. Before soliciting feedback, fix any basic language and structure errors in your first draft. In this manner, your reader won't be distracted by technical details and can concentrate on whether the story flows and whether the jokes are effective. Before approaching other comedy writers to see your work, think about pounding out a few rewrites, even though getting professional feedback is very helpful.
When interacting with professionals that might recommend you for upcoming positions, you should always put your best foot forward. Sending up unfinished work can taint their perception of your abilities, so hold off on asking for input until the script is in decent form.
8. Work on numerous revisions. You could be tempted to submit your script before it's ready because there are so many writing competitions and fellowships offered all year long. Stay away from it. Your work can require several drafts to reach a solid conclusion. Plan your rewriting strategy around the key components you need to master: structure, tone, voice, pacing, and story. After that, set aside time to write about each of these topics. Keep in mind that rewriting is a necessary step in the process and that you will probably write several drafts before deciding on the final one.
Sitcoms, for many individuals and families, are a great source of relaxation. Writing sitcoms can therefore be a veritable medium of expression for your creativity as a writer for a film or video production company.