A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Short Film
by Eguaogie Eghosa Nov 04, 2021 Views (288)
Short films have won Oscars, launched careers, and wowed audiences with their bite-sized narrative. A short film is a great way for a new filmmaker to get their foot in the door or a fun side project for an accomplished writer with a five-minute tale they want to tell. A short film is simply a short film with a clear, engaging story at the end of the day.

What Is a Short Film, and How Does It Differ from a Feature Film?
While no Hollywood standard specifies the length of a short film, in general, a short film is defined as a motion picture that is less than 50 minutes long. Nonetheless, the average length is 20 minutes.

Short films, like feature films, tell storylines that have a clear beginning, middle, and conclusion. The best short films have a defined purpose and use only one or two settings and a small cast of actors to convey their stories.

What Is the Importance of Short Films for Aspiring Filmmakers?
If you want to direct, produce, or sell feature films, you could believe that making short films isn't worthwhile. Short films, on the other hand, are much more than just film school exercises: they can provide several advantages to a budding or experienced filmmaker.

1. Find someone who can help you. Short films can serve as a resume builder for additional writing or directing opportunities, as well as for finding representation. This is especially true for new screenwriters and directors who don't have a lot of big-budget experience. A short film is simple to release and provides busy agencies and managers with a fast glimpse into the creative voice and point of view of a filmmaker.

2. Become more noticeable. A film festival submission is a fantastic method to get your short film noticed. Having your short film screened at a prominent festival might help you get recognition as a director and be considered for larger projects. Remember that the shorter your film is, the higher your chances of being accepted to a film festival and consequently providing you with the much-needed visibility that would present you with a greater filmmaking opportunity.

3. Do your distribution. Getting an independent feature film distributed to a large audience is difficult. Short films, on the other hand, are simple to upload to sites like Vimeo and YouTube and share with others. Keep in mind that you'll need to research to identify your target market.

4. Find Funding for Your Projects. Many successful short films have been used as proofs of concept for larger projects, allowing the screenwriter or director to acquire funding for a feature film or television series adaptation. Whiplash, directed by Damien Chazelle, District 9, directed by Neill Blomkamp, and Saw, directed by James Wan, are all notable examples of feature films that originated as short films.

Step-by-Step Guide for Writing a Short Film
Brainstorming, planning, scripting, and revising are the four major phases in producing short films.

1. Brainstorm
If an idea for a short film comes to you; try throwing everything at the wall and seeing what sticks. Here is a few writing prompts to get you started: What memories do you have of childhood visuals or events? What are your favourite film themes? What are some of your favourite films in the style or genre you want to create?

What are some of your favourite films in the style or genre you want to create? Maybe you like stories about family connections, love triangles, underdog victories, or historical periods. When you have a good idea for a short film, make a list of all the scenes, set pieces, beats, and lines of dialogue you'd like to see in it. Don't worry about the intricate details just yet or whether they'll make sense: just write whatever comes to mind.

2. Outline
Begin to outline the film idea after you've whittled down your brainstorming to a clear and simple notion. A beginning, middle, and end are present in short scripts, just as they are in feature films. It's good not to know what will happen at every moment during the outline process because your goal is to sketch out the broad framework of the film. Some writers, on the other hand, find that knowing every scene or rhythm in a film before they begin writing it is beneficial. A beat sheet is a useful tool to have when you're outlining.

3. Create the initial draft of your story
Start composing your short film script's first draft now that you've figured out the shape of your tale. Consider short films to be short screenplays, as they follow the same screenplay format as feature films. When creating a short film script, a good rule of thumb is to "enter late and get out early"—that is, enter each scene as late in the action as possible, and exit as soon as your character has gained everything they needed from the scene. You only have a certain number of pages to convey your story, so don't spend them on unnecessary scenes, dialogues, or backstory.

4. Review and Then Rewrite the Script
Screenwriting is no exception to the adage that "writing is rewriting." Give the script to friends or mentors for feedback once you've completed the first draft. You may discover that you need to restart the procedure and construct a new outline when you return to write the second draft. You may only change the screenplay to fine-tune a scene or improve dialogue once your story is solid.

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